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Labour Regulations in Singapore
Labour regulation is managed by the Ministry of Manpower. Employers are required to comply with health and safety regulations, industrial relations guidance, and good employment practices and guidelines. Employers are also required to give serious consideration to the employment of foreign workers and foreign domestic workers and to understand and meet the various responsibilities required of them. Foreign worker levies must be paid, which range from S$50 to S$470 per month depending on the sector in which the foreign worker is employed, and their skill level. Labour relations legislation is as follows:
  • The Employment Act 1968;
  • The Employment (Part-Time Employees) Regulations 1996;
  • The Employment (Children and Young Persons) Regulations;
  • The Employment (Female Workmen) Regulations;
  • The Retirement Age Act 1993;
  • The Industrial Relations Act 1960;
  • The Trade Unions Act 1940;
  • The Trade Disputes Act 1941;
  • The Criminal Law (Temporary Provisions) Act, Part III;
  • The Singapore Labour Foundation Act 1977;
  • The Children Development Co-Savings Act, Part III (in relation to maternity benefits).
Work permits are issued by the Ministry of Manpower. An administrative fee of S$10 is charged for every work permit application submitted. Applications can be made via WP Online, via an employment agency, or manually. Foreign visitors seeking employment in Singapore can apply for a one-year, non-renewable visit pass. Fees are S$30 for processing, S$60 for issuance, and S$40 where an extension is applied for. If a visa is required, there is an additional fee of S$30. Processing time is around four weeks. Employers, employees and the self-employed are required to make contributions to the Central Provident Fund (CPF). Rates vary in accordance with the sector in which the employee works, the age of the employee, and whether a Singapore Permanent Resident (SPR) has been resident in Singapore for one or two years. For example, an SPR employed in the private sector, aged between 36 and 45, and in his or her second year of residence in Singapore contributes 15% of his or her wage. The employer contributes 9%. The overall scope and benefits of the CPF encompass retirement, healthcare, home ownership, family protection and asset enhancement. Full details can be found on the Central Provident Fund Board’s website.




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